ABSTRACT. Privacy and security is most important part while using the location based services. The aim to develop location based reminder system is provide ...
GRD Journals | Global Research and Development Journal for Engineering | National Conference on Emerging Research Trend in Electrical and. Electronics ...
To avoid the false alarm we have one manual switch in the vehicle itself which must be pressed within 10 second of false accident detection and hence avoiding ... This survey presents an overview of wireless black box using MEMS accelerometer and GPS
use in-vehicle automatic accident detection and notification systems; we .... This concept presents a novel fall detection technique using the features from a ... Inertial wearable sensors such as accelerometers and gyroscopes can be used to ...
microcontroller will enable airbag to blow and message with accident location is sent to preprogrammed numbers such as ambulance, police station, ... This system consists of AVR microcontroller. Acceleratometer sensor is used ....  GPS http://gpsd
activation signal to the automatic brake system when the collision range of 5meters is reached. With the ... is detected, the AICC system provides speed control. If a target is .... Multimeter test instrument was used on the simulation software to ob
A vehicle tracking system combines the installation of an electronic device in a vehicle, or fleet of vehicles, with purpose-designed computer software to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's location, collecting data in the proce
applies brake support if there is a high risk of a collision. The project aim is to ... avoidance systems using wireless communication technology. ... In this case and also using Cyber car vehicles, first steps in automatic intersection management ar
AbstractâLocation monitoring system for rescue disable persons by switching the location estimation methods with GPS,. ZigBee and WiFi beacon is proposed.
Apr 16, 2014 - Keywords: fall detection; accelerometer; indoor positioning; ZigBee; pervasive healthcare. 1. .... determining the target location using the geometric properties of triangles and measuring distances or angles to the target ... The UZ24
Abstract. Location is the most essential presence information for mo- bile users. In this paper, we present an improved time-based clustering technique for ...
sending a message using a system which is placed inside of vehicle system Most of the times we may not be able to find accident location because we don't ... Our project Real Time Vehicle Tracking and Accident Detection with GPS is designed to ... de
engineering, architectural design, software development and testing. .... internal baseband processor, the TIDGET device only ..... Delivery of the first wristwatch.
occurance of fire during accident, the smoke detector will detect the smoke which in turn will activate the location keys to tract the position ... It is necessary due to the many of applications of GSM systems and the wide usage of them by millions
The proposed system is designed to improve the emergency assistance services, which offers automated ... A number of research projects held by research institutes and car manufacturers ... control the speed i.e. acceleration and braking.
accident detector â inclination sensor and decision unit â and ... call to the emergency services, with a Global Positioning .... of accelerometer dataâ,in Proc.
The GPS provides coordination of RFID reader. ... determined by using network and/or mobile-device-based ... beneficial in management and tracking urban.
So that the ambulance can reach the spot in time and human life can be saved and the ... Key words: Intelligent Transport System, GPS, GSM, RF Module.
Aug 26, 2000 - The University of New South Wales ... The Millennium Hotel ... respectively), from the Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
data provided by their accelerometers, compasses, and GPS sensors to provide a ... Fifthly, is design system a crash detector, which can be connected over a.
Jan 11, 2016 - Information. Heravi, B.R; Morrison, D.; Khare, P.; Marchand-Maillet, S. ... blog posts are created , 100 hours of new video is uploaded to YouTube , over. 540,000 ..... 5 http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/geosparql ...
rules are the most obeyed rules on and off campus?, Which rules are the most broken ... reliable on the humanities or statistical aspects of the studies [1, 2, 3, 4].
International Conference on Emerging Engineering Trends and Science (ICEETS – 2016)
A GPS Based Accident Location Detection System R. Santhana Krishnan, Assistant Professor/ECE, SCAD Engineering College, Cheranmahadevi.
E. Rosy Evanjalin, Department of ECE, SCAD Engineering College, Cheranmahadevi.
Abstract— Road transportation has revolutionized the way we travel and transport goods. The increasing number of road users is proportionate with the increasing number of accidents, which could include fatalities. Reporting accidents has its challenges; mainly there exist communication gap in relaying location information to the operator. This, in turn, causes slow response to the situation. The objective of this paper is to develop an integrative system that is able to speed up the process of reporting accidents. Our project titled GPS based accident location detection system for ambulance includes an accident locator device and S MS system. A hardware prototype was developed using components like GPS and GS M components. Haversine algorithm is used which enable bette r efficiency in searching the nearest hospital to the accident location. The functionalities of this system will enhance the current emergency response service by providing a platform for reporting and responding to accidents efficiently. This will enable the authorities to provide faster medical attention to the public, which will reduce fatality rate. Our project also includes alcohol detection unit which detects the alcohol consumption and prevents any further accidents. Keywords- GSM, GPS, Haversine Algorithm.
I. INTRODUCTION In India, Tamilnadu is ranked number 1 in total number of road accidents between 2013 and 2014. Total number of accident that took place in those two years were 1, 33,452. In India nearly 16 members dies during a hour due to road accidents . Total death due to road accident in Tamilnadu is recorded as 30,721. A study conducted by alcohol and drug information centre, India revealed that around 40% of the road accidents have occurred under the influence of alcohol. The number of accidents in highway is more than 72% related drunken driving. About 60 and 65% of accidents are being caused by drunk and the drivers of cars and two wheelers during night and early hours of morning . The increasing usage of motor vehicles proportionately increases the number of road accidents. The number of fatalities can be reduced, only if emergency response was quicker. In the current process flow of emergency reporting system, plenty of time is wasted during information transfer to another party. The time delay is a cost to the victim during injury. This greatly
ISSN : 2348 – 8549
E. Poornasankari, Department of ECE, SCAD Engineering College, Cheranmahadevi.
increases the probability of death in each accidents happened in Tamilnadu. Nearly 24% of the people who involved in accident die due to improper communication. These percentages can be lowered down if the emergency reporting process is reviewed and enhanced. Our project is motivated as follows: 1. Communication gap of reporting an accident to the emergency number, 2. slow medical attention causes higher fatality rate. For the first motivation, time taken to relay information to the authorities is long, as one has to explain the location of the accident in detail. Some explanation can be vague and it is difficult for the authorities to locate, which in turn, causes the second motivation.
II. RELATED WORK A. Airbag System vs. Pervasive Fall Detection According to , airbag system is meant to reduce injury of the driver and passenger during an accident. The benefits of airbag system are low cost, high reliability and have accuracy of approximately 95%. After the implementation of airbags in automobiles, there is a 14 percent of reduction on the fatal rate . According to  also, the airbag system is designed for serious frontal crashes only, to avoid the driver and passengers hitting the dashboard or steering in front of them. According to , frontal crash sensors airbag sensors is located in the front of the vehicle near the engine, in the passenger compartment or in the electronic control unit, while the side impact crash sensors is located in the electronic control unit, the door or between the front and rear doors. This paper deals only with preventing the people from accidents. But the further accident intimation is not available.
B. Automatic Accident Detection with Mobile Technology: According to , automatic accident location detection system has reduced warning time and determining the accident location. The fully automated location detection and information distribution to the nearest hospital will earn valuable rescue time. It speeds up the process of reporting accidents to the authorities. It has an Automatic Crash Response System, which enables a center to track vehicles
International Conference on Emerging Engineering Trends and Science (ICEETS – 2016) that have been in an accident. However, this system uses crash sensors, linked to the vehicle’s airbag, to determine whether an accident has taken place. Previous work by  which used pressure sensor to activate auto-dialer in order to alert the authorities. The drawback from this work is that pressure sensor would also need to be impacted at certain level, thus damage, to be able to ascertain an accident has taken place. C. Distance Calculation Algorithm: To calculate the distances between the accident location and the nearest hospital, few algorithms  were explored, namely, great circle distance, spheroidal model for the earth and Haversine algorithm. Great circle distance generates many floating-point precisions, causes rounding errors if the distance calculated is very small. Spheroidal model for the earth formula on the other hand works accurate within 50km in distance. Haversine formula is recommended, as it does not generate serious rounding errors for distance larger than a few meters . Haversine Formula is better for calculation ranging from small distance to great distance . Haversine formula is the most recommended formula to be used in all the real world implementation nowadays. Furthermore, Google Maps will provide interactive solution to a lot of real world problems based on the Haversine formula . The simple Haversine algorithm provides both accuracy and speed, which other algorithms could not satisfy both of these criteria .Further accuracy and speed testing on the algorithms will be reported in result and discussion. Haversine formula is given by
III. PROTOTYPE DESIGN / DEVELOPM ENT A. System Design and Architecture Figure 1 shows the system design. The whole system includes 4 main factors: the vehicle where the device is installed, the server to route the message, calculate the shortest distance between location of the accident and the hospital that provides immediate assistance to the victim and provides information to others emergency agents.
When an accident happens, the accelerometer in the device placed in the vehicle, will trigger an accident event and s end SMS through GSM protocol to the server. Then, the server will process the information and route the alert to the nearest hospital using Haversine formula. The server also acts as SMS gateway to redirect the events with some information to the other emergency agents set by the vehicle owner. The figure 2 shows how the message is passed regarding the accident
Figure 2 System Design
B. MQ-3 Semiconductor Sensor for Alcohol This type of alcohol sensors were chosen due to the low cost acquisition price (about $ 5/sensor) and because they have a fast response and a high sensitivity to alcohol. Inside the sensor there is a small tube, which is basically a heating system made of aluminum oxide and tin dioxide. The enveloped MQ-3 has 6 pins, 2 of them are us ed for providing heating current and the other 4 are used to fetch signals . The MQ3 is shown in figure 4. When the alcohol molecules in the air reach the electrode situated between the tin dioxide and aluminum, the ethanol burns in the acetic acid producin g higher current. The intensity of the output current of the sensor is proportional to the concentration of alcohol in the molecule of the ceramic tube. This alcohol detection unit detects the alcohol consumption and provides a buzzer sound and it also stops the ignition of the car within two minutes if there is no response from the driver. Figure 4 explains how the alcohol detection unit works.
Figure 1 System Architecture
ISSN : 2348 – 8549
International Conference on Emerging Engineering Trends and Science (ICEETS – 2016)
Figure 3- Systematic Diagram for Alcohol Detection
Figure 5- Accident Location
V. CONCLUSION Thus using these concepts the details regarding the accident is conveyed quickly to the nearby hospital, police station and care taker. The most important one was the type of the alcohol sensor used. Compared to other type of gas sensor, this alcohol sensor has cheaper cost, can be easily integrated to a microcontroller and it is also considerably effective. Although the MQ3 alcohol sensor can detect other substances, due to its high alcohol sensitivity the detection is quite reliable. REFERENCE Figure 4- MQ-3 Sensor
. M. E. Farmer, “Occupant classification system for automotive airbag suppression,” Proc. IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, volume 3, 2009, pp.1063-6919.
IV. RESULT With recent technology, authorities will be able to provide better and faster instant medical attention. This project eliminates communication gaps in reporting accidents. The details regarding the accidents are displayed as the result
. R. Basavaraju, “Is it an effective occupant protection system?,” MTC Transportation Scholars Conference, [online] 2009. http://www.ctre.iastate.edu/mtc/papers/basa.pdf. . U.S. Department of Transportation. “Air Bags Crash Sensors,” [online] 2013, http://www.safercar.gov/Vehicle+Shoppers/Air+Bags/Crash+ Sensors . . C. V. Lakshimi, and J. R. Balakrishnan, “Automatic Accident Dection via Embedded GSM message interface with Sensor technology,” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol 2(4), 2012.
ISSN : 2348 – 8549
International Conference on Emerging Engineering Trends and Science (ICEETS – 2016) . K. N. Goh, Y. Y. Chen, D. Arumugam, “Road Accident Auto-dialer via Pressure Sensor,” Proc. Human-Computer Interaction International – Posters’ Extended Abstract Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol. 374, 2013, pp 308-312. . Geoscience Australia, “Distance Calculation Algorithms”, Australian Government, [online] 2013, http://www.ga.gov.au/earthmonitoring/ geodesy/geodetictechniques/distance-calculation algorithms. html. . Movable Type Scripts, “Calculate distance, bearing and more between latitude/longitude points,” [online], http://www.movabletype. co.uk/scripts/latlong.html . . L. Gregory, “The usage of smart phones in calculation of relativistic time dilation effects at meager velocities,” California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, [online] 2010,
http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article =1027&context=physsp. . B. Hoyer, “Cartography: Interrupted Projections,” [online] 2009, http://www-history.mcs.stand.ac.uk/Projects/Hoyer/S6.html . . M. Zdeb, “Driving distance and drive times using SAS and Google maps,” [online] 2010, http://www.sascommunity.org/wiki/Driving_Distances_and_ Drive_Times _using_SAS_and_Google_Maps . . Survey List of Road Accidents in India between the year 2013 and 2014, http://www.sites.ndtv.com . Survey List of Road Accidents due to Alcohol Consumption in India between the year 2013 and 2014 , http://www.iracst.org.