VLF wave generation via modulated

May 25, 2012 - waves have been generated via heating of the lower ionosphere. (50–100 km altitude) with High Frequency (HF, 3–10 MHz) radio waves...

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heating. The resulting variation in electron temperature is used to calculate the full time evolution of the so‐called. Hall, Pedersen, and Parallel conductivities, from which the amplitudes and phases of conductivity modulation at the modulation f

ELF/VLF waves have been generated via steerable HF heating of the lower ionosphere. The temperature‐dependent conductivity of the lower ionospheric plasma enables HF heating (and subsequent recovery) to modulate natural current systems such as the

molecular beam studies. Initially, the phase modulation (PM) technique was demonstrated in a WPI experiment of atomic Rb vapor using fluorescence detection (PM-WPI).27 In the current work, we combine this PM-WPI scheme with mass-resolved photoion det

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1.5. Related modulation equations. 12. 1.6. References to related works. 13. Chapter 2. The Burgers equation. 15. 2.1. Decay estimates. 15. 2.2. Fronts in the Burgers equation. 17. Chapter 3. The complex cubic Ginzburg–Landau equation. 19. 3.1. Set

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