VLF waves with modulated or steered

ELF/VLF waves have been generated via steerable HF heating of the lower ionosphere. The temperature‐dependent conductivity of the lower ionospheric ...

3 downloads 0 Views 593KB Size

Recommend Documents

May 25, 2012 - waves have been generated via heating of the lower ionosphere. (50–100 km altitude) with High Frequency (HF, 3–10 MHz) radio waves. Because HF heating of the lower ionosphere changes the conductivity, on/off modulation of the HF he

Examples of references concerned with the lightning source characteristics and statistics are Malan ..... (1985a) at Kiruna and Lycksele, in Sweden, 205 and 554 km from the transmitter, respectively. They computed the ... HF active Auroral Research P

Jul 29, 2010 - conductivity of the lower ionosphere, natural ionospheric currents such as the auroral electrojet can be modulated if the ionospheric electrons can be heated by more easily gen- erated HF waves at ELF/VLF periodicities. Most ELF/VLF ex

heating. The resulting variation in electron temperature is used to calculate the full time evolution of the so‐called. Hall, Pedersen, and Parallel conductivities, from which the amplitudes and phases of conductivity modulation at the modulation f

May 3, 2008 - 1Departamento de Matemáticas, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, and Instituto de Matemática Aplicada a la Ciencia y la Ingenierıa (IMACI),. Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain. 2Centro de F

It is shown that the Kapitza-Dirac effect with atoms, which has been considered to be evidence for their wavelike character, can be interpreted as a scattering .... the wave function representing an atom in its upper and lower state respec- tively. .

Abstract. Steered molecular dynamics SMD induces unbinding of ligands and conformational changes in biomolecules on time scales accessible to molecular dy- namics simulations. Time-dependent external forces are applied to a system, and the responses

fluxgate magnetometer located at the HAARP facility remained less than 50 nT, while the last hour of the experiment saw the absolute value of the fluxgate ...

Modulated travelling waves are solutions to reaction-di usion equations that are ... Analogous results are true for the spectra .... speaking (see De nition 2.1 for a precise statement), we say that (1.5) has ..... In the case where the coe cients a(

May 29, 2015 - were maintained in a pathogen-free animal facility at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. .... Louis, MO), TGF-ß1 (#3709S), phospho-pSMAD3 (#9520) (Cell Signaling, Danvers, MA), Class III ADH (#AB59134, Abcam, ....

Feb 7, 2017 - femoral heads was limited to 45 Gy. linear-Quadratic ..... copy were the bladder neck, trigone, or lateral walls. Of the four patients who ...

relationships between the subgroups take the form of a network of cross-cutting .... model, seen as a more tree-friendly alternative to the dialect continuum. .... Afrikaans. Flemish. Frisian. English ST. Sranan. Swedish Up. Swedish VL. Swedish List.

Aug 15, 1995 - without having to resort to the Kramers–Kronig relations. In general ... laser beam. Both the transmitter and the receivers have high-resistivity.

Aug 10, 2012 - powerful cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning discharges can couple directly .... observed VLF events with lightning strikes recorded in the. GLD360 ...

Feb 28, 1972 - efficiency of helical antennas in air .... 2. Measuring the rotary field ellipse by a ferrite rod antenna - "pedal locus Curve". 19 .... 9.6 VLF spectrum registered below the surface. -li-ridi. .... If the clear distance a between two

View Table of Contents: http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jcp/141/6?ver=pdfcov. Published by the AIP Publishing. Articles you may be interested in.

Oct 9, 2009 - scheme for skid-steered mobile robots. The motion-estimation scheme is based on the measurements of a low-cost strapdown. IMU and wheel encoders. We design an extended Kalman filter (EKF) with three velocity constraints and estimates th

cloud-to-ground lightning return strokes by

alone across 15 councils in England and Wales during a 12-month period. .... have included Matlab code for simulation and estimation of the modulated ... In Table 1 we provide summary statistics for Indianapolis social harm including the.

single barrier, and double barrier options under Markov-modulated dynamics. Key words. ... optimal trading strategies [28]. In applications, it is likely that the ...

Feb 24, 2012 - tegrable modulator consisting of a PolM and a polarizer. The PolM is a special phase .... microwave signal with data modulation is distributed.

Sep 7, 2017 - Elut Plexa cartridge (Agilent Technologies, Inc.). The cartridge .... Total acquisition time was 30 min, and a CT scan was obtained either ... The tissue uptake at earlier time points was extrapolated using previously reported data (37)

experience in stereotactic body radiosurgery (SBRS) delivered using volumetric intensity modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in patients with primary or metastatic ...

experimentally6,7 can be a very useful adiabatic quantum computing logic. Finally, we .... field can be written in the FM frame for N-photon transition as,. 01. 02.